What are command prompt internal commands?
The Windows CMD has internal commands that are in the command prompt itself, this does not start another exe that is started separately!
The external commands are usually stored in the C:\WINDOWS\System32 folder, since this folder is part of the system path on all MS Windows desktop and server operating systems.
1.) Here are some of the internal commands!
ASSOC, BREAK, CALL , CD = CHDIR, CLS, COLOR, COPY, DATE, DEL, DIR, DPATH , ECHO, ENDLOCAL, ERASE, EXIT, FOR, FTYPE, GOTO, IF, KEYS , MD, MKDIR, MKLINK, MOVE, PATH, PAUSE, POPD, PROMPT, PUSHD, REM, REN = RENAME, RD = RMDIR, SET, SETLOCAL, SHIFT, START, TIME, TITLE, TYPE, VER, VERIFY, VOL
2.) Passing arguments!
The arguments can of course also be passed to an internal command, just like an external command!
3.) What should be considered with the internal and external commands?
In the case of overlaps on the system that has an internal command and an external command with the same name, you must specify the full path to the exe.
For example, if you have a command that happens to be dir.exe and you want to run it, use the full path D:\tools\dir.exe!
There are a few important things to keep in mind when using internal Command Prompt commands in Windows:
Syntax and Parameters:
Each command has a specific syntax and may require optional parameters. It is important to use the correct syntax and parameters. In the command prompt you can usually use the /? command. to display help and syntax information for a specific command.
File and directory paths:
Make sure you specify the correct file and directory paths when performing file operations. The command prompt does not forgive path errors.
►► Quickly open the command prompt in the desired directory!
Some commands require administrative privileges, especially if you want to modify system files or directories or perform certain system configurations. Make sure you have the necessary permissions.
Be careful when executing commands that delete or overwrite files or directories. Make sure you back up important data before using such commands to avoid accidental data loss.
Batch files and scripts:
You can use internal commands to create batch files or scripts to automate tasks. Make sure your scripts work properly and test them before using them in a production environment.
When changing the current directory using the cd command, be careful where you go. Accidentally deleting or modifying files in an incorrect directory can have serious consequences.
►► Fastest way to open a command prompt in the desired directory!
File names and special characters:
Avoid using special characters and reserved names for files and directories as this may result in unexpected behavior.
►► What is a special character?
Typically, there is no built-in way to restore commands in the Command Prompt. Make sure you are aware of your actions, especially commands that delete or overwrite files.
Currentness of the information:
Be sure to access current information and instructions on how to use specific commands as functionality may change over time.
It is important to handle Command Prompt's internal commands carefully to avoid accidental errors or data loss. If you are unsure how to use a specific command, you should consult Microsoft's online documentation or Command Prompt Help.
4.) Why these internal command prompt commands?
Command Prompt internal commands are basic functions built into the Windows operating system and designed to perform various tasks related to file and directory management, system configuration, and interaction with the Command Prompt itself. These internal commands have different purposes and are useful for different reasons:
File and directory management:
Most internal commands provide management of files and directories. You can create new directories, copy, move and delete files, rename files and view the contents of directories. This is particularly helpful for facilitating file organization and management.
Some commands like systeminfo or ver are used to display information about the operating system and the current version.
Working with the Command Prompt:
Commands like cls to clear the screen or Exit to exit the Command Prompt are useful for managing the Command Prompt itself.
Text display and editing:
The type command allows you to display the contents of text files, while echo is used to display text on the screen is used. These commands are useful in scripts.
Simple task automation:
Use internal commands to automate simple tasks and create scripts to complete recurring tasks.
In situations where Windows is not functioning as expected, internal commands can be helpful in diagnosing and possibly fixing problems.
Command Prompt's internal commands are typically quick and easy to access, making them useful tools for users who are familiar with the Windows command line or want to perform simple tasks without third-party software. They provide a foundation for more complex tasks that can be automated using batch or script files.
FAQ 139: Updated on: 29 October 2023 18:52
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